Air-centered prices of your own multiyear mediocre regular period from GPP, Er, and you can NEE and you may estimate of their warming-triggered seasonal period amplification over the United states ABR. (A) Multiyear mediocre month-to-month GPP, Er (“Resp” as the labeled on the figure), and NEE ranging from 2009 and you will 2013 along the North american ABR. (B) Dating between monthly GPP and you can Emergency room produced by this study and month-to-month town-weighted ground heat (Crushed Temp) more North american ABR. This new solid outlines portray a beneficial linear fit between GPP and you can soil temperature getting April in order to July (red) and you may August so you're able to November (green) and you can an effective quadratic regression between Er and you will surface heat for everybody days. (C) Projected expands regarding GPP, Er, and you can NEE regarding 1979 so you're able to 1988 and you can 2010 in order to 2019 over the latest North american ABR. (D) Yearly Floor Temp and you can DWSRF (Left) and you can month-to-month Crushed Temp and you will DWSRF increases ranging from 1979 and 1988 and you may 2010 and you will 2019. New error bars depict the sum SEs of monthly function ranging from 1979 and you will 1988 and you can 2010 and you can 2019. The newest month-to-month grows away from Surface Temp and you can DWSRF and their mistakes had been stabilized relative to an average SCA during the 1979 and you may 1988.
Remarkably, the fresh regular course and you can spatial distribution of our own ambiance-founded monthly estimates away from GPP and you can Er along side North american Snowy and you can Boreal area show strong correlations that have sky temperature and you can surface temperatures (Fig. The brand new correlation coefficient anywhere between month-to-month overall GPP and you can town-weighted average air or crushed temperature is >0. When we further divide the newest GPP regular stage to the an evergrowing phase (April compliment of July) and you will a decreasing stage (August owing to November), new slope between GPP and you will floor temperatures into the coming down phase is slightly bigger than inside the broadening phase (Fig. Here, we used the downwards shortwave rays flux to examine the brand new accessibility regarding solar radiation more than this region.
When removing the end result of the covariation anywhere between light and you can temperature, the limited relationship (48) between GPP and you will solar light becomes statistically insignificant to own April because of July, whereas the newest partial relationship between GPP and you can sky or surface temperatures are statistically significant at a beneficial 95% CI regardless of if solar radiation are managed ( Lorsque Appendix, Dining table S2). Simply because beginning in January, solar power rays starts growing more than this place. Of the April, the common solar power radiation here has already increased to two-thirds of their annual limit (Fig. S14). Solar power radiation is probable no more a limiting reason for bush increases over this particular area, whereas bush increases is far more limited because of the temperatures during the April, especially because of the floor temperatures. This might be subsequent supported by a robust correlation between surface heat into the April in addition to SOS regarding GPP (roentgen = 0.
S15). Since the year goes on, solar power radiation are at the limitation inside the Summer and you can begins to disappear thereafter. By September, the first day once GPP actually starts to drop off, the average solar power light possess fell underneath the level in the April, while air and you may soil temperatures try similar to those in July (Fig. S14). Ergo, the latest decreasing local full GPP inside the August as a result of November is likely strongly inspired from the minimal and you will coming down solar rays. This will be then backed by more powerful relationship ranging from GPP and solar power radiation within the August through November (roentgen = 0. Decreasing solar power light after that results in declining air temperature and crushed temperatures, that'll after that assists the fresh loss of GPP regarding the slide. Regardless of if crushed dampness is even at least when you look at the August due to Sep, this isn't more likely the dominant factor governing the latest decrease of GPP regarding slide.
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